SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

CDD is also proud to be making a contribution to the achievement of the eight Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) which were adopted by UN Member States in 2000, and range from eradicating extreme poverty and hunger to providing universal primary education, by the target date of 2015. These internationally agreed development goals represent the benchmarks set for development at the start of the new century and while not explicitly mentioning disability, it is clear that the goals cannot be fully achieved without taking disability issues into account.

The work that CDD is doing to address the Millenium Development Goals is summarised in the table below:

MDG Link to Disability CDD intervention
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. 82% of persons with disabilities live in poverty

20% of the extreme poor are disabled.

One of the main development foci in Bangladesh is food security for the poor. CDD, in association with a consortium of development organisations, is mainstreaming women with disability family members into food security programs. The technical support we provide includes identification of families with disabilities, assessment of impairment, need based therapeutic intervention, assessment of possible areas of livelihood, capacity development and providing assets for livelihood activities.
Achieve universal primary education. 25 million children with disabilities between the age of 7 and 12 do not attend school.

Only 2% of children with disabilities in developing countries attend school

Less than 5% of children with disabilities complete their primary education.

CDD is promoting inclusion of students with disabilities in the mainstream education system. It is advocating the Government, sensitising authorities, parents and students; providing training to teachers and education officers; developing teaching/learning materials, and is providing support in over 500 schools to create accessibility improvements.
Promote gender equality and empowerment for women. Women with disabilities face twofold discrimination: as a woman and as a person with disabilities.

Only 1% of women with disabilities in developing countries knows how to read and write.

Women with disabilities are particularly vulnerable to physical, sexual and psychological abuse.

Gender is a key determinant of poverty in Bangladesh. Women are particularly disadvantaged as evidenced by high mortality rates, low literacy levels, poor health conditions, and lack of access to the labour markets.

The situation with regard to poverty and food security is even worse for women with a disability and it is now recognised that poverty is both a major cause and consequence of disability. The needs of persons with disabilities to be educated, skilled and economically involved are fundamental human rights and thus a responsibility of the nation and all its citizens.

In 2010, CDD, in association with a consortium of development organizations, commenced a project to mainstream 2,200 women living with disability into food security programs in Gaibandha district.

Reduce child mortality. Worldwide, more than 10.8 million children under the age of 5 die every year.

The child mortality rate for children with disabilities under the age of 5 can rise by up to 80%.

Children with disabilities in the south are often undernourished, a common cause of child mortality.

Children with disabilities are at higher risk of dying not just because of medical conditions, but also because of the disability itself. In Bangladesh, the death rate for children with disabilities under five years is very high. Children with disabilities have the right to enjoy a full and decent life, in conditions which ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community. They have the right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health and to access facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health.

Around 70% of children with disabilities are receiving services from trained rehabilitation workers among all registered service recipients by partner organisations. CDD’s training also has a special focus on the care of children with disabilities. A number of information communication materials have been developed by CDD to promote awareness of the right to life of children with disabilities.

Improve maternal health. Every year, 20 million women suffer from complications during their pregnancy or child birth, often resulting in some form of disability.

Women with disabilities run a higher risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

Women with disabilities generally have less access to adapted and accessible health care.

CDD has produced a wealth of information materials for community awareness to help prevent disability during pregnancy. Our social communication training module has a special focus on the issue. CDD has trained a total of 650 social communicators (to 2010). Trained social communicators are disseminating the information on maternal health at the community level using a flashcards set produced by CDD.
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. Persons with disabilities are generally more susceptible to diseases due to their living conditions or limited access to health care.

Persons with disabilities are less involved in medical prevention programs, such as awareness and vaccination campaigns.

Untreated illness and the low vaccination level are common causes of disability.

CDD includes information on preventing HIV/AIDS in its rehabilitation training modules, delivered to external organisations.
Ensure environmental sustainability. Climate change causes natural disasters, a known cause of disability.

The lack of clean drinking water, hygiene and sanitation facilities contribute to the spreading of infections and the higher incidence of chronic diseases, both leading to disability.

Persons with disabilities have less access to safe drinking water and sanitary installations due to their own limited mobility and the limited accessibility of the facilities.

Bangladesh is known worldwide as a country of natural disasters and persons with disabilities are the most vulnerable in disaster situations. CDD is actively advocating and building capacity in Bangladesh to promote disability inclusive disaster risk reduction. To increase the existing knowledge base in this area CDD is implementing pilot projects to generate learning and improvements for future initiatives. CDD also responds in the post-disaster relief and rehabilitation stage, responding to the special needs of families living with disability.
A global partnership for development. Persons with disabilities and their representing organisations are best placed to define their needs and concerns.

Worldwide cooperation networks remain nothing more than a dream when development organisations are not included in the policy debates about development.

CDD is very active in regional cooperation and international policy formulation on disability issues. CDD has provided orientation and training on mainstreaming disability and conducted exposure visits for more then 300 managers from all over the world (years to/including 2010).